Pests and Diseases​...

Vine Weevil:

Adult Vine Weevil cannot fly but they crawl into greenhouses, they are usually

bought in on infected plants. All plants should be treated before they are introduced

into the greenhouse. They hide at soil level during daylight hours and each female

can lay up to a 1000 eggs, which hatch after two weeks. She lays her eggs in the soil

and soilless compost is ideal for them as it doesn't irritate the grubs as gritty soil does.

The fat, whitish larvae are 6-10mm long and are crescent shaped and legless. They

cause serious root damage, the grubs feed for 3 months before pupating.

There are various chemicals suggested for eradicating them, perhaps the best method

is watering with a systemic insecticide such as Provado Vine Weevil Killer.

Alternatively use a biological control based on Nematodes.






Whitefly:

Whitefly are tiny white flies which lay their eggs on the underside of leaves and

as they are so tiny they are difficult to identify. They live on the underside of their

leaf, where they can extract nutrition from the plant. Control can be achieved by using

an insecticide twice weekly to kill the young as they hatch. A strict regime of spraying

and checking is essential to break the 'life cycle'.




Aphids:

                                                           

                                                           Aphids are one of the commonest garden pests, greenfly and blackfly are aphids

                                                           and they suck the sap from plants. They arte attracvted to the young tender shoots,

                                                           they cause leaves to be distorted but are unlikely to kill a plant. Spray with a                                                                            insecticide.






Red Spider Mite:

                                                                 These tiny sap sucking pests are pale green with two dark spots on their back and it                                                                   is only  in autumn and winter that they turn orange-red. They thrive is hot dry                                                                         conditions and if the temperature stays above 12 celsius they can breed all year                                                                         round. The leaves and stems of plants become covered in a fine webbing. The upper                                                                   surface of the leaf is mottled,while mites and eggs can be seen with a magnifying                                                                     glass on the underside. Spray leaves with a systemic insecticide containing fatty                                                                         acids or plant oils. You can help control them by improving air circulation and                                                                           boosting levels of humidity by misting plants with tepid water and standing bowls                                                                   of water in between plants. Dampening the greenhouse floor will help and you                                                                         could also try releasing a preditory mite 'Phytoseiulus persmilis' onto your plants.


                                      


​​Capsid Bug:

                                                             A fast moving green insect that is active in early spring. They suck sap from the shoot

                                                             tips of leaves and buds, the damage is noticeable weeks later when new leaves are

                                                             distorted and blackened on the edges. In the case of fuchsias these are usually killed off.

                                                             Spray with a systemic insecticide.






Botrytis:

                                                                   Is a fuzzy grey mould fungus which attacks new growth and freshly rooted                                                                              Poor air circulation and fluctuating temperatures is ideal for it. Remove the causes                                                                      to control it easily.


                            





Rust:

                                                            The first sign is a slight discolouration on the leaf, it develops spots with  tan centres and

                                                            purple borders. the underside of the leaf will have rust coloured spots in clusters of 

                                                            reddish orange pustules. When the pustules ripen they erupt and spread their spores into

                                                            the air infecting any fuchsias nearby. Prevention is better than cure, to prevent infection

                                                            spray with a systemic fungicide every 3-4 weeks. Once infected it is extremely difficult

                                                            to eradicate. Collect and distroy any infected leaves.




Sooty Mould:

                                                                

​                                                            Sooty mould is a fungus that indicates the presence of sap sucking pests, it does                                                                           not attack the plant directly but is unsightly and can reduce the plants vigour.                                                                           Controlling pests will eliminate the problem.





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